અસ્પૃસ્યતા આભળછેટ અને બંધારણ
17. अस्पृश्यता का अंत -- ''अस्पृश्यता'' का अंत किया जाता है और उसका किसी भी रूप में आचरण निषिद्ध किया जाता है। ''अस्पृश्यता'' से उपजी किसी निर्योषयता को लागू करना अपराध होगा जो विधि के अनुसार दंडनीय होगा।
ઉપરની લીન્કમાં દેશનું બંધારણ આપેલ છે. બંધારણના આર્ટીકલ ૧૭માં આભળછેટનો ઉલ્લેખ છે આ આર્ટીકલનો બંધારણમાં સમાવેશ થવો એ બતાવે છે કે ખ્રીસ્તી અને મુસલીમો સીવાયના બધા હીન્દુઓ પોતાના જ ભાઈઓ ઉપર અત્યાચાર કરતા હતા.
આજના જમાનામાં પણ આ બાબત નીયમીત સમાચાર આવતા રહે છે અને એ હીસાબે આભળછેટનો નાસ થયો નથી.
હીન્દુ અને ધર્મ ગુરુ ઉપર ખાસ આ કલંક અને કાળી ટીલી છે. બંધારણના આ આર્ટીકલને કાઢી નાખવા કોઈ ધર્મ ગુરુ ચળવળ સરુ કરે એ જરુરી છે...
Call for Atrocities Act penalty for manual scavenging tooReplyDelete
Subodh Ghildiyal, TNN | Apr 30, 2012, 03.44AM IST
NEW DELHI: Pressure is building up to treat manual scavenging on a par with crimes against dalits, to be tried under the atrocities law which lays down stringent punishment.
The union social justice ministry has asked the home ministry for details of cases filed by states for manual scavenging under the Prevention of Atrocities Act (POA Act), even asking it to take up the matter with chief ministers. The demand flows from the home ministry's advisory to states (April 2011) that engaging a dalit or a tribal to handle human excreta violated his dignity and that such cases be pursued under the POA Act.
The invoking of atrocities law has serious implications since manual scavenging is prohibited by the 'Employment of Manual Scavengers and Prohibition of Dry Latrines Act 1993'. The 1993 law does talk of penalty for violation, with jail up to one year, but it has only existed on paper.
In contrast, POA Act prescribes serious punishment by linking violations against SCs to defiling of the individual's dignity. It is criminal in nature, dealing with offences against SCs/STs such as crime, dispossession of land, humiliating dalits, among others. The offences attract a minimum punishment of six months which can go up to five years with a hefty fine. By bringing the atrocities law in the picture, the Centre may be looking to create deterrence against manual scavenging which has continued despite the post-independence objective of ending it.
Census 2011, by putting insanitary latrines at 21 lakh, added fresh urgency and National Advisory Council forced the Centre to press for a strong law against the malaise.
Untouchability and atrocity-free India by 2010
Tuesday, January 16, 2007, 11:48 [IST]
Jaipur, Jan 15 (UNI) Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Meira Kumar said her ministry is working on the realisation of the dream of an untouchability and atrocity-free India by 2010.
The Minister while talking to mediapersons here today said since inter caste marriages are an effective instrument of combating the evil practise of castism an incentive amount for intercaste marriage has been increased to 50,000.
She said the state governments have been asked to evolve a special package on priority basis towards development of atrocity-prone areas so that the propensity to atrocities is checked. The centrally sponsored package includes appropriate income generating beneficiary oriented economic development schemes, effective implementation of land reforms, redressal of land disputes, stringent enforcement of minimum wages as well as the upgradation of infrastructure facilites like construction of roads to have access to the nearest police station, linkage of roads to national highways, accessible toll free public communication linkages with police stations, sensitisation programmes for teachers and panchayati raj functionaries etc.
The minister also said in order to recognise outstanding work in eradicating untouchability a National award to NGOs and individual human rights activists have been constituted by the ministry. Four awards in each of the four regions of the country namely North, south, east and west are to be given annually from the year 2007 with a cash prize of Rs two lakh to Rs 5 lakh to individual activities and institutions.
બંધારણમાં 'આપણે પોતે' જે લખ્યું હોય અને ભલે ને એ 'પોતાને' જ અર્પણ કર્યું હોય, આપણે એ વખતે પણ એમાં નહોતા માનતા અને આજે પણ નથી માનતા. માનતા હોત તો આ દેશની મોટા ભાગની વસતિને રાહત મળી હોત.ReplyDelete
@ Dipak DholakiaDelete
== उद्देशिका के उद्देश्य ==
1 यह बताती है कि संविधान जनता से निकलता है तथा जनता ही अंतिम सम्प्रभु है
2 उद्देशिका लोगॉ के लक्ष्यॉ-आकाक्षऑ को प्रकट करती है
3 इसका प्रयोग किसी अनुच्छेद मे विध्यमान अस्पष्टता को दूर करने मे हो सकता है
4 यह जाना जा सकता है कि संविधान किस तारीख को बना तथा लागू हुआ था
Preamble to the Indian ConstitutionReplyDelete
The preamble to the Indian Constitution is a brief introductory statement that sets out the guiding purpose and principles of the Constitution of India. The Preamble of the Constitution reads as follows:
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
Meaning of the Preamble to the Constitution of India
The enacting words “We, the people of India… in our constituent assembly… do here by adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution”, signifies the democratic principle that power is ultimately vested in the hands of the people of the country. It also emphasizes on the fact that the constitution is made by and for the people of India and not given to them by any power outside the country.
The word sovereign means independent. India is internally and externally sovereign – internally, it has a government elected directly by the people and externally, it is free from the control of any foreign power.
The word socialist implies that the government has control over the economy. The government will endeavor to equally distribute the wealth and provide a decent standard of living for all the citizens. As a socialist country, our country emphasizes on a commitment towards the formation of a welfare state.
The word secular implies equality of all religions and religious tolerance in the country. Every person has the right to preach, practice and propagate any religion he/she chooses. The government should not favour or discriminate against any religion in the country. All citizens are equal in the eyes of law irrespective of their religious beliefs.
India is a democratic country. The people of India can elect their governments at all levels local, state or central. Irrespective of the caste, creed, colour, sex, religion or education, every Indian above 18 years can cast their vote to elect their leader.
Our democratic system gives chance for every competent person to join Parliament. It states that no person is greater than the ruling system. Our Democratic system emphasizes on a multi-party system, unlike China and North Korea etc., which are single-party states.
Republic nature of the country is opposite to monarchy. In monarchy, the head of state is appointed on hereditary basis for a lifetime. But a democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is elected, directly or indirectly by the people for a fixed tenure.
Moreover, there are some countries which are republic but not democratic such as China and Myanmar. There are some countries which are democratic but not republic such as UK, Australia, The Kingdom of Sweden etc
नौकरी में रिजर्वेशन को लेकर पीएम से मिले पासवान
विस ॥ नई दिल्ली : नौकरी में प्रमोशन के लिए एससी-एसटी रिजर्वेशन बिल के मुद्दे पर शुक्रवार को लोक जनशक्ति पार्टी (एलजेपी) प्रमुख रामविलास पासवान के नेतृत्व में 165 सांसदों के प्रतिनिधिमंडल ने प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह से मुलाकात कर इस मामले में सुप्रीम कोर्ट की रोक हटवाने का अपील की।
मुलाकात के बाद पासवान ने मीडिया को बताया कि प्रधानमंत्री ने सुप्रीम कोर्ट के प्रमोशन में रिजर्वेशन के फायदे को निष्प्रभावी बनाने वाले फैसले पर एससी-एसटी सांसदों की सर्वदलीय बैठक बुलाने का आश्वासन दिया है। वह इस मामले में संविधान संशोधन लाए जाने या दोबारा अदालत जाने की राय पर गौर फरमाएंगे। पासवान ने कहा कि उन्होंने लंबे अर्से से प्रतीक्षित एससी-एसटी रिजर्वेशन बिल का मुद्दा भी उठाया, जो यूपीए-1 के दौर में पेश किया गया